Social studies

second term

Performance Indicator


- Contribuye con sus actitudes de respeto, tolerancia y humildad a su propia formación y a un buen desarrollo de las clases favoreciendo así al manejo de las relaciones interpersonales.



- Se muestra interesado en el mejoramiento del grupo y para ello propone acciones acertadas de trabajo en equipo.



- Reconoce las diferentes formas de relieve destacando la importancia de este en los diferentes pisos térmicos. (En inglés)


- Identifica las principales características de la economía en el Valle del Cauca (En inglés)  


- Climate and Weather 

- Thermal Floors

- Valle del Cauca`s economy 

- Governmental authorities 

climate and weather




The difference between weather and climate is a measure of time. Weather is what conditions of the atmosphere are over a short period of time, and climate is how the atmosphere "behaves" over relatively long periods of time.


What Weather Means

 Weather is basically the way the atmosphere is behaving, mainly with respect to its effects upon life and human activities. The difference between weather and climate is that weather consists of the short-term (minutes to months) changes in the atmosphere. Most people think of weather in terms of temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, brightness, visibility, wind, and atmospheric pressure, as in high and low pressure.


In most places, weather can change from minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season. Climate, however, is the average of weather over time and space. An easy way to remember the difference is that climate is what you expect, like a very hot summer, and weather is what you get, like a hot day with pop-up thunderstorms.


What Climate Means

In short, climate is the description of the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area.

Some scientists define climate as the average weather for a particular region and time period, usually taken over 30-years. It's really an average pattern of weather for a particular region.

When scientists talk about climate, they're looking at averages of precipitation, temperature, humidity, sunshine, wind velocity, phenomena such as fog, frost, and hail storms, and other measures of the weather that occur over a long period in a particular place.

For example, after looking at rain gauge data, lake and reservoir levels, and satellite data, scientists can tell if during a summer, an area was drier than average. If it continues to be drier than normal over the course of many summers, than it would likely indicate a change in the climate.


Taken from:

Climate video.

Climate vs weather

Weather and climate are not the same.


Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a particular place and at a given time.


Climate is the condition of the atmosphere in a particular place during a long period time.

Colombian climate map

Thermal floors

The of climates in Colombia is characterized for having tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes, deserts and mountain climate, this last one further subdivided into tierra caliente (hot land) tierra templada (temperate land) tierra fría (cold land), tierra helada (frozen land) and Páramo. But sometimes the weather of Colombia is altered by the seasons in northern hemisphere, for example from March to June the weather is mild Spring, from June to August the weather is hot Summer, From September to December the weather is cold hot, and from December to March the weather is even colder Winter.


Visit the following link for more information:

Other information